Figure 4 Deadfall

figure4

This is one of the most efficient traps that require limited calories and resources. Although it looks complicated, it’s fairly simple once you understand the concept. This trap consists of three sticks about 12 inches in length or for quick measurements from your wrist to your elbow approximately, either a long rock or round log with enough weight to crush a small animal. It’s important to remove any branches if you tend to use a log. It’s important for the dead weight to hit the ground without any thing obstructing it from hitting the ground and possibly losing your catch.

This type of trap can be made in relatively ten minutes or less; one can set up a few of these if one can locate an animal’s path of travel. You may see foliage damage, scat, tracks it’s important to put a figure four in the pathway for the best results.

Step 1. Sharpen the top of on stick to resemble a “flathead screwdriver”. This will be your vertical stick

Step 2. One end repeats the flathead screwdriver effect and the same on the opposite end. One will balance the deadfall the other will be the “release.” Now lay your first stick down and place the second at a 45-degree angel from the top position with about two to three fingers with and you want to notch this in a “7” notching so stick one will fit in this notch.

Step 3.  The third stick will lay horizontal and intersect with stick 2 and 3 in a number 4  appearance.  Again you will notch two fingers from the end “7” notching so stick two can rest in the notch.
Now on the side of stick three and stick one intersect you want to mark the width of each stick and make a “C” notch, so both sticks are notched to lay in each other. At the end of stick three facing under the deadfall, you want to sharpen to a point for bait.

Fig-4-crop-diagram

Urban Survival

BIG-Urban

 

With the climate changes and the global warming, we should not only prepare for wilderness survival but also prepare for natural disasters that occur. Depending on your location you make experience tornados, flooding, hurricanes and wildland fires. So, when do you make the decision to bugout? FEMA has regulations on when to notify the public to evacuate a location to prevent panic in case of an emergency one can go to Fema website and learn more.

https://training.fema.gov/

So what’s the appropriate bugout bag items? Well, this differs for everyone, there is no wrong answer as long as it starts you to do research and plan. Below are just a few items one might consider stocking up in a medium size backpack and always have ready in case of natural disaster.

  1. Folding hand saw
  2. Trash bags
  3. Multi-tool and knife
  4. Duct tape
  5. Fire starter kit (lighter, lint from your dryer, cotton balls soaked in vaseline, anywhere matches, chapstick, Ferro rod & striker, Jute twine 25ft, )
  6. Weapon and ammo
  7. Emergency thermal blanket SOL
  8. 5×7 tarp
  9. Dental floss (can be used in several ways)
  10. Hygiene (soap, microfiber towel,)
  11. Water (stainless container), spork
  12. Water treatment tablets
  13. 550 cordage (250 ft) minimum
  14. Gloves Leather
  15. Hand crank radio
  16. Honey sealed in straws
  17. Cooking source and fuel
  18. Pest or insect repellent
  19. Waterproof Boots, Waterproof jacket, three pairs of socks (wool)
  20. Hand Axe
  21. Knife sharpener
  22. Dehydrated foods, hard candy, peanuts, tea, instant soup mix, key is light weight
  23. Headlight (with extra batteries)
  24. Hat with brim and Beenie
  25. Two bandanas
  26. First aid kit (one roll bandage, aspirin, band-aids, super glue, tums, Neosporin packets, rubber gloves, burn cream packets, small scissors, eye drops, benodryl tabs, gauze pad, triangle bandage, safety pins x 5, clean wipes, bobby pens x 5, paperclips x 5, respiratory masks, ear plugs)
  27. Machete
  28. Compass
  29. Map
  30. Folding Shovel
  31. Rope 50ft

Survival-Training-1

As you begin to plan this list you will expand on what works for you; the idea is to keep it lightweight and ready when you need it. The military saying stands “stay ready, so you don’t have to get ready

20 Uses for Salt

Screen Shot 2017-03-09 at 4.37.34 AM

Here are 20 reasons to stock up on salt:

1. Brush your teeth. Mix one part salt with two parts baking soda and put some of it on your toothbrush. It actually works pretty well.

2. Clean clothes. For sweat stains, rub some warm salt water on the fabric. For blood stains, soak the fabric in cold salt water, then wash it in hot soapy water. If the bloodstain is still there, boil the fabric.

3. Clean cast-iron cookware. Sprinkle some salt on cast-iron skillets and thoroughly scrub it with a paper towel.

4. Control flames. If the flames on your barbecue are getting out of control, toss salt on them. Some people use water, but that will just cool off the coals.

5. Cook food. Obviously you need salt for many recipes, but you can also rub it on a skillet before making pancakes so they won’t stick.

6. Deodorize your shoes. Sprinkle salt in your shoes every once in a while. It will soak up the moisture and reduce odor.

7. Fix walls. White sheet-rock and plaster can be fixed with a mixture of one part salt, one part corn starch, and enough water to make a paste.

8. Keep milk fresh. Add a pinch of salt to milk to make it last longer. (By the way, adding a little salt to chocolate milk makes it taste delicious!)

9. Kill weeds. Since salt stops plants from growing, sprinkle salt in the cracks on pavement and between bricks, then use water to help it soak in.

10. Make candles drip-proof. Soak your candles in salt water overnight and then dry them out. If you do this, they won’t drip as much when you light them.

11. Melt ice. You probably already know this, but you can melt ice on sidewalks and driveways with salt. Make sure you have plenty of salt, though. You can go through a lot of it this way.

12. Preserve fruit. Dip peeled fruit in salt water to stop them from browning as quickly.

13. Preserve meat. Completely coat meat with salt and let it air dry for several weeks. Here’s a guide that explains everything you need to know.

14. Prevent grease splatters. Before cooking foods that splatter, add some salt to the pan first. If you do this, it won’t splatter as much and you won’t get grease burns.

15. Remove rust. Mix three parts salt with one part lemon juice. Rub the paste onto the rust with a wash cloth and scrub the rust away.

16. Scale fish. Before scaling a fish, soak it in salt water. If you do this, the scales will come off a lot easier.

17. Shell nuts. Before shelling nuts, soak them in salt water for a few hours. This will make them a lot easier to shell.

18. Soothe sore throats. Gargle with salt water several times a day to help relieve a sore throat. I’ve tried this countless times; it really works!

19. Stop ants. Sprinkle salt anywhere an ant could get into your house. This works really well because ants won’t usually walk over salt.

20. Treat itches. If you have a mosquito bite, a bee sting or any other type of itch, try soaking it in salt water. It’s not a perfect cure, but it will provide some relief.

Special thanks to Urban Survival site and the survival preppers.

 

 

5 Survival Knots to know..

Today there are so many knots; I remember the saying if you don’t know a knot “tie a lot.” This is the way most novice hikers and campers tie knots but in a real survival situation tying a lot of knots use up valuable cordage.

Knowing how to tie just five knots can be helpful. I remember teaching Junior Marines these five basic knots, and then at night we ran a skill test and made them tie them in the dark. To our surprise over half were able to tie them in the dark, once you practice these five basic knots try to make a story with tying the knots, for example, the “rabbit goes into the hole”  or whatever you use that you can remember. First, let’s take a look at knot terminology, just remember I like to take something that’s hard seem simple.

 

  • The rope can be any type of rope, cord or string that you care using and may also be called the line.
  • Any rope will have two ends. The working end or free end is the end of the rope you are using to tie the knot. The standing end is the opposite end.
  • The standing part or standing line is the section of rope betweenn the ends.
  • The loop is made by turning the rope back on itself so that it crosses over the standing part.
  • The bight is made by turning the rope back on itself so that it does not cross the standing part.

The first knot is the Bowline

bowline

Second is the Tautline Hitch

tautline

Third is the Figure 8

figure8

Fourth is Clove Hitch

clovehitch

Fifth is the Trucker Hitch

truckers

Once you learn several knots you will make up your top five knots, everyone has their favorite knots, I use these five knots religiously when hiking, camping, traveling and even at home for more information on knots click the link below.

Here is a great site to learn more knots:

http://www.animatedknots.com/terminology.php?Categ=basics&LogoImage=LogoGrog.png&Website=www.animatedknots.com#ScrollPoint

Survival First Aid

first-aid-signs-1391

Control Bleeding

In a survival situation, you must control serious bleeding immediately because replacement fluids normally are not available and the victim can die within a matter of minutes. External bleeding falls into the following classifications (according to its source):

Arterial. Blood vessels called arteries carry blood away from the heart and through the body. A cut artery issues bright red blood from the wound in distinct spurts or pulses that correspond to the rhythm of the heartbeat. Because the blood in the arteries is under high pressure, an individual can lose a large volume of blood in a short period when damage to an artery of significant size occurs. Therefore, arterial bleeding is the most serious type of bleeding. If not controlled promptly, it can be fatal.

Venous. Venous blood is blood that is returning to the heart through blood vessels called veins. A steady flow of dark red, maroon, or bluish blood characterizes bleeding from a vein. You can usually control venous bleeding more easily than arterial bleeding.

Capillary. The capillaries are the extremely small vessels that connect the arteries with the veins. Capillary bleeding most commonly occurs in minor cuts and scrapes. This type of bleeding is not difficult to control.

 

Four ways to control bleeding:

Direct pressure, Elevation , Pressure points and Tourniquet.

Direct pressure

Most effective way of controlling bleeding is direct pressure over the wound. This is done firm until bleeding stops, if bleeding continues after 30 minutes while applying pressure one may elevate the extremity if possible and apply a pressure dressing which is a tightly wrapped bandage and do not remove it.

Elevation

Raising an injured extremity as high as possible above the heart’s level slows blood loss by aiding the

return of blood to the heart and lowering the blood pressure at the wound.

Pressure points

A pressure point is a location where the main artery to the wound lies near the surface of the skin or where the artery passes directly over a bony prominence this will help slow arterial bleeding.

Tourniquet

Use a tourniquet only when direct pressure over the bleeding point and all other methods did not control the bleeding. If you leave a tourniquet in place too long, the damage to the tissues can progress to gangrene, with a loss of the limb later. An improperly applied tourniquet can also cause permanent damage to nerves and other tissues at the site of the constriction.

CPR /AED  and First Aid training is invaluable training for any survivalist, most local Red Cross, Fire Department and American Heart Association put on training for those willing to get trained.

 

FEMA search & rescue markings

When we have a disaster of any sort FEMA will take over and its import to understand the marking left on your door. Why you ask? Maybe it’s a SHTF situation and your seeking shelter it’s go to know what your stepping into so your do become a casualty as well. The x code marking is a method of showing and area has been searched and cleared especially if there is a iniment threat or virus. Feel free to comment maybe you have seen these markings  in Katrina years ago.

Three Injurious Plants

plants

Plants that cause injuries range from microscopic in size to huge trees. They include some of the grasses, shrubs and vines. In some species the whole plant is poisonous and in others, one or more of the parts can be injurious. These parts include: limbs (stems), flowers, fruits, berries, leaves, barks, roots, seeds, bulbs and pods. In poison ivy and poison oak the whole plant is poison, especially the leaves and roots.

 

Symptoms:

  • Redness and swelling of involved skin.
  • Headache.
  • Burning sensation on involved parts of the body.
  • Skin eruption (rash).
  • Skin Itching.
  • Blisters on the involved skin, (blisters tend to break after 2-4 days)
  • If ingested, usually burning sensation in the throat with inflammation of the stomach that induces vomiting and diarrhea.

First Aid:

Treatment of a serious plant injury should be treated by a physician in a hospital. There are several things to do prior to transportation.

  • a. Calm and reassure the victim and reduce movement to help prevent the spread of allergen or toxic substance.
  • b. Thoroughly wash the effect area of the patient skin with soap and water or with alcohol to remove or reduce the amount of irritant on the skin.
  • c. Confine the washing to affected area to avoid spreading the poison to other parts.
  • d. Remove clothing of the affected area.
  • e.Thoroughly wash your hands and any parts of the body which may have came in contact with the patient.
  • f. Record time
  • g. Evacuate the patient if necessary depending on the severity of the contamination.

Its always good practice if you are adventuring out into the wilderness that educate yourself on that regions plant life.

 

The art of making fire….

Warmth:

Above any survival situation the ability to stay above 98.6 or 37 degree Celcius  is highly important. Learning the ability to create fire is a practiced art. Of course anyone can carry a lighter and matches but even in these circumstances in wet conditions this can be a problem. Remembering the rules of threes could save your life in a survival situation

  • •Three minutes without air.
  • •Three hours until hyperthermia.
  • •Three days without water.
  • •Three weeks without food.

Safety:
Being able to make a fire not only provides warmth but can also create a barrier from predators. Most predators will keep a distance when a fire is made, but any animal hungry enough may take the risk but creating a torch may save your life in a survival situation.
Purification:
Fire also provides means of purification water and food from harmful parasites that could cause you harm and sickness. It’s important to stay healthy so you can survival but if you contract a bacteria that enables you to perform or hinders you from traveling to be found you can become casualty in the wilderness to never be found again.
Fire Triangle:
Knowing the chemical reaction to create fire is just as important as being able to make fire, one can make and build a fire but being able to sustain the fire is just as important. In order to make a fire one must have the following:

  • •Heat
  • •Fuel (combustible material or fuel source)
  • •Oxygen

firetriangle

Moral/wonder

Fire demands wonder from us because it represents the telling duality of life. Fire is both beautiful and dangerous, powerful beyond imagination, yet frail and ephemeral, massively destructive but through that destruction spawns rebirth and regrowth. The creation and control of fire are, much like the balance between death and survival in the wild, a delicate task that requires your constant focus.

This delicate nature should lend itself to a great feeling of accomplishment and a big boost in your moral in any precarious situation since the successful creation and maintenance of a proper fire is so challenging and the fact that you have succeeded greatly increases your chances of survival.

It’s an important skill to learn, and at KOR we teach the fundamentals of starting a fire with friction, different methods of starting a fire in wet/damp/cold situations. Being able to purify water without cooking utensils and sustaining a fire so you can take it with you if you have to travel to different locations.

 

 

 

50 Uses for Vinegar!

uses-for-vinegar

I love vinegar for several reasons, but most importantly it’s a great item to store for when SHTF. You can use Vinegar several different ways and its cost less than $10. When SHTF every item stored one should constantly be thinking of ways to use those articles for multiple purposes.  These recipes all include white distilled vinegar.

50 Uses for Vinegar

Car

  • Keep your car windows frost free by mixing 3 parts vinegar to one part water and spraying on your windshield.

Cleaning

  • Use  as a window cleaner (see our recipe)
  • Clean your mouse & computer keyboard.
  • Place one cup in a bowl and use as a room deodorizer.
  • Clean your blinds.
  • Shine your silver by soaking it in a mixture of 1/2 C white vinegar and 2 1/2 Tbs. of baking soda) for at least 2 1/2 hours.
  • Use to clean to commode by pouring 2-3 cups overnight and letting it soak. Clean with a toilet bowl brush in the morning.
  • Mold & mildew remover- Fill a spray bottle with equal parts water and vinegar to make this home cleaning solution. Just spray and wipe down!
  • Remove stickers by soaking in vinegar and using a razor (or credit card) to scrape off.
  • Remove bumper stickers with the same application.
  • Remove wall paper with equal parts vinegar and water in a spray bottle. Allow it to soak for 20 minutes. Use a razor or wall paper scraper to remove after spraying.
  • Carpet Cleaner– Combine vinegar and baking soda to make a paste. Use a toothbrush to clean the soiled carpet areas and allow to dry. Then, sweep up with a vacuum.
  • Shower Curtain- When you wash the shower curtain in the washer, just add 1 C of vinegar to wash cycle to eliminate mold/mildew.
  • Coffee pot cleaner- Run 3 parts vinegar and 1 part water through a cycle to clean parts (if you own a Keurig or other coffee machine, check with the manufacturer first!).
  • Clean garbage disposal by freezing vinegar into ice cubes and running through disposal.
  • Clean drain by pouring vinegar down drain and allowing to soak.
  • Clean dishwasher once a month by running vinegar instead of soap through a whole cycle.
  • Clean the refrigerator with equal parts water and vinegar to deodorize and clean.
  • Clean stainless steal with indiluted vinegar.
  • Place 1 C of water and 1 C of vinegar in the microwave and cook on high for 4 minutes. Then cleaning is so easy!
  • Soak a sponge in 1 C of vinegar and place in the microwave for 2 minutes. This will sanitize the sponge!
  • Clean shower head by soaking in vinegar overnight or placing a plastic bag over shower head overnight.
  • Combine 1/2 vinegar and 1/2 water in spray bottle and use to clean shower doors or as a daily shower cleaner.

Cooking

    • Mix with oil to use on salads.
    • Add 2 Tbs. of vinegar to water when boiling eggs to keep them from cracking.
    • Tenderize meat by soaking it in vinegar (1/4 C Balsamic Vinegar) for every 2lbs. and let it soak overnight.
    • Brighten Easter Eggs by adding vinegar to water before adding color.  Mix 1 tsp. of vinegar with 1/2 C hot water then add coloring.

Gardening

  • Kills weeks by completely saturating them to the root with vinegar.
  • Kill grass by completely saturating with vinegar, then covering with a garbage bag (or any other covering material) and let sit for a few days. Use bricks to secure garbage bag.
  • Place vinegar as a pest repellent around edges of garden.
  • Soak corn cobs in vinegar and use to deter rabbits.
  • Soak garden tools in 1/2 diluted vinegar to remove fungus.
  • Use 1 C Vinegar and 4 liters of tap water to increase acidity in soil around plants.
  • Use vinegar in a spray bottle as a bug repellent for plants.

Household

  •  Unclog drains by pouring 1/4  C baking soda and 1/2 C vinegar to drain to unclog.
  • Get rid of household odors by allowing a small pot of vinegar to simmer on the stove.
  • Deodorize a lunch box by soaking a slice of bread in vinegar overnight and place it in lunchbox. Wipe clean in the morning.
  • Remove wax with equal parts of vinegar and water and a damp cloth. BEFORE this, you can use an iron to melt the wax and wipe away with a paper towel.
  • Spray thresholds with vinegar to deter ants.

Laundry

(Check with your manufacturer to make sure you can use vinegar in your washing machine!)

    • Add 1 1/2 C Vinegar to rinse cycle with white clothes to keep them bright.
    • Add 1/2 C to last rinse cycle to use as a fabric softener.
    • Rub stains with white vinegar to use as a stain lifter.
    • Add 1/2 C white vinegar to wash cycle with new clothes to get rid of stiffness or with any load to protect colors from fading.
    • Run an empty laundry cycle with 1 C vinegar to clean washing machine.

Personal Care

  • Add 1 C vinegar to hair after shampooing as a natural conditioner.
  • Clean dentures by soaking them overnight in vinegar, then brush.
  • Get rid of toenail fungus. Soak a cotton ball in vinegar and place on toenail for 5 minutes daily.  It will eventually grow out.

Pets

  • Pour 1/2 inch into empty kitty litter pan to remove odors. Let set for 15 minutes until washing thoroughly. After it is dried, sprinkle baking soda into pan then add litter.
  • Mix equal parts vinegar and water in a spray bottle and apply to dog’s coat. This will act as a flea repellent.

Forks off the dinner table.

There are several items you can purchase to help secure your home, let’s be honest the doors that are in your home aren’t very strong. If an intruder wanted to hit it with a crowbar or kick it in it wouldn’t take much force to do so. Well, this item can be found in your kitchen and made as a second line of protection.

Plus if you travel you can take this with you to a hotel, cabin or to any location that has a door lock. I went to Goodwill and found this fork for 29 cents and use it all the time. Great tip found on Youtube that could save you and your love ones. We at KOR like to think outside the box, not only do we teach outdoor survival we focus on urban survival as well. Enjoy!!