Fire Bundle

I’ve been asked how can we create a fire bundle in the wettest conditions, so I decided to make a quick video tutorial.

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Navigation without a compass

One of the most important tools you can have above all is your mind when lost in the wilderness; KOR focuses on the acronym STOP so you can stay calm and focus and plan your strategies. But without basic navigation understanding, you could end up walking in circles and become dehydrated or injured. So we will discuss how to use the wilderness to help navigate your way out.

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First, if you have a good view of the sun, you can use the sun as navigation of N, S, E, W by using the sun and shadows.
1. place the sun to your back and grab a stick about six to a foot long and stake it into the ground vertically.
2. Every 15 minutes place a rock at the top of the sticks shadows
3. after waiting 20-30 minutes draw a line to connect the shadow markings.
4.Standing on this straight line with the sun to your back you have West and East ordinance place your toes on the line, and you will be facing North.
5. Locate items, mountain, tall tree, a hill in the northern direction and walk towards it, so you don’t wall off course.

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At night……..
1. Locate the little dipper and located the first star on the handle this is also the north.

Vegetation…..
Depending on your location northern or southern hemisphere
vegetation grows on trees based on the less sun hitting the tree. So for example in the northern hemisphere, more vegetation may grow on the south side of the trees.

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Analog watch….
Old School Watch (unless you have an old school watch, just draw a clock on paper, draw in what time it is, then lay your paper flat and point the “hour hand” at Sun; half-way between the hour hand and “12” on the watch is South (in the northern hemisphere between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m., otherwise, North is half-way between the hour hand and 12.

Once you have located North, you should sit down and draw out a map if you don’t have a piece of paper as a visual. Draw mountains, lakes, rivers, hills hard objects are the best this is very helpful and was used by natives years ago

Are you dehydrated?

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Our bodies are an amazing mechanism, but when the balance is thrown off are mental stability can be compromised. Our bodies are made up of 70 percent water. We are at the top of the food chain we have a weakness we need water to sustain our organs and bodily functions. Here are ten signs of dehydration you should remember whenever caught in a survival situation, camping, hiking, exercising or having fun outdoors where water is limited.
1. Fatigue Sets In
2. Urine Appears Dark Yellow
3. Sudden Lightheadedness
4. Heart Rate Increases
5. You Overheat
6. Muscles Cramp
7. Ugh, Constipated
8. Skin Loses Elasticity
9. No More Tears
10. You’re Parched

Dehydration can lead to serious complications, including:
•Heat injury. If you don’t drink enough fluids when you’re exercising vigorously and perspiring heavily, you may end up with a heat injury, ranging in severity from mild heat cramps to heat exhaustion or potentially life-threatening heatstroke.
•Urinary and kidney problems. Prolonged or repeated bouts of dehydration can cause urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and even kidney failure.
•Seizures. Electrolytes — such as potassium and sodium — help carries electrical signals from cell to cell. If your electrolytes are out of balance, the normal electrical messages can become mixed up, which can lead to involuntary muscle contractions and sometimes to a loss of consciousness.
•Low blood volume shock (hypovolemic shock). This is one of the most serious, and sometimes life-threatening, complications of dehydration. It occurs when low blood volume causes a drop in blood pressure and a drop of oxygen in your body

Whatever your situation that presents itself your well being is number one, don’t wait until it’s to late to give self-care in any situation involving dehydration.

 

Water Filtration System

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It’s possible you may never have to build a water filtration system but even in our urban environments water can become contaminated for example in Washington state one of the cities water system was contaminated and the residents were told to boil water or use some sort of filters, another city that went public was Flint MI. Here is a simple method of building a system that you can build with basic understand and construction.

Most items can be found at any large store with an aquarium section.

Items you will need are:

  • Sand
  • Gravel
  • Activated carbon
  • Two plastic
  • Two cotton balls

“Activated carbon tends to darken the color of the water that passes through it. Unless you are willing to drink blackish water, completely rinse the carbon before using. This filtration system will last for about two or up to four weeks. To keep the water clean, change the activated carbon within the prescribed period.”

First step is to cut off the bottom of one plastic bottle, then remove the cap and place two cotton ball in the neck of the opening close to the end where the cap was, now pour about two cups of the activated carbon into the plastic container, next step is pour about three cups of sand on top of the activated carbon and last is the about two cups of gravel you should see a nice layering effect of each item.

Collect your contaminated water , place your filter system over a glass or something to catch the clean water and slowly pour the contaminated water into the filter as the filter does it’s job you will see clean water starting to fill your glass continue the previous step until you have a full glass. This filter should work for about two to four weeks depending on how much water you are filtering. Just change the cotton and carbon and your filter can last you years.

**if your cotton starts to slide your replace your cap and put holes in the caps to allow the water to seep out.

Urban Disasters

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With everything that is happening today around the world, we don’t know when mother nature may take a turn, and we could be subjected to hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, tornadoes, hazardous materials spill, transportation accidents, explosions and other natural or man-made disasters it’s important to be prepared. The statistic show 1 in every eight people know how to perform CPR and First Aid, which is a critical skills one can learn that could save a family member, a stranger or yourself. Understanding the importance of medical emergencies in a crisis is sometimes missed when it comes to urban survival but should be at the top of the list.

Most of the communities fail to learn these skills because of several reasons from fear of retaliation, fear of death, fear of disease transmission or simply don’t want to get involved. KOR understand these fear, and we teach you how to recognize these concerns and build confidence that you can take charge and overcome to these concerns as well as be successful with the skills you learn to save lives.

Preparedness and health and safety services are powerful skills everyone should be comfortable with assisting or take the lead at a situation. Part of making American great is the love for one another and helping those that need our help. Join us at KOR Instincts, and we have the most knowledgeable instructors that will help you become successful in learning skills that are invaluable.
Take the step that will change your outlook on life

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Acronyms, why use them?

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Acronyms are used by abbreviating the first letter of each word one is trying to remember it can produce a remarkable method to remember almost anything.

The military is a prime example which has use acronym for several items from evasions, survival, movements, operations, warfare, first aid and many others. When one is in a stressful situation, it’s imperative not to have to remember a list of items, plus breaking down an acronym provides the most valuable key “a moment” to calm down and think.

Panic is the number one reason lost people get hurt or worst die. If you have an acronym that you remember for these situations, it helps you to calm down and relax because when we panic we gain anxiety which leads to irrational decisions.

This is why the military has basic training, and a drill sergeant is screaming at you so you can learn to handle operations under stress. If one comes into basic training and has never experienced this intense experience, they learn quickly to adapt or fail and possibly results in injuries.
So what acronyms are useful?  Here are a few but anyone can make up your own to help you calm down and make rational decisions in a time of crisis.
S.T.O.P
S- Stands for STOP
T- Stands for Think
O- Stands for Observe
P- Stands for PLAN
Military acronyms:
SURVIVAL
S-Stands for a size up the situation, surroundings, physical conditions, and equipment.
U-Stands for use all your senses.
R-Stands for remembering where you are.
V-Stands for vanquishing fear and panic
I-Stands for improvising and improve
V-Stands for value living
A-Stands for act like the natives
L-Stands for live by your wits

Study and remember each letter of the acronyms you create because you may some day have to make it work for you.

Fatwood

 

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Fatwood is one of your best resources while in a survival situation, it can help start fires create torches that burn for several minutes due to the pine resin. One of the key benefits is that you can collect Fatwood and use it to start fires if you have to travel and in extreme weather conditions.

Since fire is a high priority on the survival chain, being able to produce fire quickly in a moments notice can mean life or death.
Fatwood comes from Pine trees and can be found in a pine tree that is down , generally located at the base and “Y” sections of branches from my experience or a stump.
White pine is easily ID’d by color, bark and if big enough, the way the branches grow from it.
Leave grow in cluster of five needles, 2 to 4 inches long.
Buds are the cylinder with rounded tips about 1/2 inch long.
The bark is smooth, green-gray on young stems, later breaking up into dark gray rectangular plates.
Wood is pale brown, light, soft and fine grained; this tree is very large tree 120 to 160 feet tall. It grows best on rich, moist, well-drained soils and found at elevations from sea level to 7,000 feet.

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If you find fatwood cut several pieces and save them for your fire making kits and bugout bags.

Remember never take from mother earth more then what you need and leave no traces that you were there.

Kill at Will

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One of an essential tool one can have in a survival situation, in my opinion, is a knife, this tool holds many functions from batoning wood to creating fire. Understanding the anatomy of a knife will help you understand the concepts around how to care, clean and sharpen your knife.

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Knives date back to over 2.5 million years ago from when the first home sapiens during the pre-historical times created knives for tools, hunting, and cooking utensils out of flint, bone, and obsidian. Since than technology has progress and knives have known to have been constructed of copper, bronze, steel, ceramic and titanium. There are several types of construction from folding, fixed blade, whichever you choose in a survival situation it must stand the test of time for many multi-purpose uses.  One can not have too many knives in my opinion with a plethora of manufacturers out there such as:

  • Benchmade Knives
  • Becker Knives.
  • Boker Knives.
  • Buck Knives.
  • Case Knives.
  • Chris Reeve Knives.
  • Cold Steel Knives.
  • Columbia River (CRKT).
  • Emerson Knives.
  • Esee Knives.
  • Ka-Bar Knives.
  • Mora Knives.
  • Ontario Knives.
  • Spyderco Knives.
  • Tom Brown Knives.
  • Top Knives.
  • Victorinox Knives.

 

Ask anyone who makes the best survival knife and you will always get a different answer. Whatever your choice maybe it should be field tested several times before you consider your standard issue. Today’s knives can range from $20.00-$1000 dollars, based on steel and manufacture but does that make it a great knife?

What are your thoughts?

Planning a day hike? 

Spring is here time to start planning out your hikes.Depending on the distance you should lay out all the items you plan on packing. Here is an idea of how to start your mindset to think “what if”. Thousands of hikers get get each year because they fail to plan for the chance of accidents or go off trail and get lost. Review this list:

Backpack(lightweight)

shelter ( safety blanket or tarps 5×7) four tent spikes

Fire making kits( at least three methods to produce fire quickly)

Knife

Firearm (optional)

Plastic garbage bag

Compass

Rope (50 ft) 550 cord (100ft)

Canteen with melt cup

Camelback insert

Bandana

First aid kit

Axe/machete

Cooking source

Water purification

Nuts/tea/energy bars (field pack them for space)

Headlamp (extra batteries)

Multi tool

Sunglasses

Hat

Each item should be something you actually tend to use or you wasting space. Remember it takes less than 5 minutes to lose your barrings that could truth into hours before you are rescued. Learn to mark turns and stop to listen and look around often. Have fun and enjoy Mother Nature but respect her as well..

Figure 4 Deadfall

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This is one of the most efficient traps that require limited calories and resources. Although it looks complicated, it’s fairly simple once you understand the concept. This trap consists of three sticks about 12 inches in length or for quick measurements from your wrist to your elbow approximately, either a long rock or round log with enough weight to crush a small animal. It’s important to remove any branches if you tend to use a log. It’s important for the dead weight to hit the ground without any thing obstructing it from hitting the ground and possibly losing your catch.

This type of trap can be made in relatively ten minutes or less; one can set up a few of these if one can locate an animal’s path of travel. You may see foliage damage, scat, tracks it’s important to put a figure four in the pathway for the best results.

Step 1. Sharpen the top of on stick to resemble a “flathead screwdriver”. This will be your vertical stick

Step 2. One end repeats the flathead screwdriver effect and the same on the opposite end. One will balance the deadfall the other will be the “release.” Now lay your first stick down and place the second at a 45-degree angel from the top position with about two to three fingers with and you want to notch this in a “7” notching so stick one will fit in this notch.

Step 3.  The third stick will lay horizontal and intersect with stick 2 and 3 in a number 4  appearance.  Again you will notch two fingers from the end “7” notching so stick two can rest in the notch.
Now on the side of stick three and stick one intersect you want to mark the width of each stick and make a “C” notch, so both sticks are notched to lay in each other. At the end of stick three facing under the deadfall, you want to sharpen to a point for bait.

Fig-4-crop-diagram